ECB to Decide Whether to Hike Rates Amid Mounting Recession Risks

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The European Central Bank (ECB) is facing a tough decision at its monetary policy meeting on Thursday. With the euro area economy showing signs of recession, some policymakers are calling for a pause in the central bank’s rate-hiking cycle. Others argue that more tightening is needed to keep inflation in check.

The ECB has raised interest rates by 0.75 percentage points since July last year, taking the deposit rate to 3.75%. This has helped to slow the pace of inflation, which is now running at 4.1% in the euro area. However, the war in Ukraine and rising energy prices are putting renewed upward pressure on inflation.

The ECB’s decision will be based on a number of factors, including the latest economic data and the outlook for inflation. The latest economic data has been weak, with growth in the euro area expected to slow in the third quarter. This has led some policymakers to argue that the ECB should pause its rate-hiking cycle to avoid tipping the economy into recession.

However, other policymakers are concerned that a pause could lead to higher inflation expectations. They argue that the ECB needs to keep raising rates until inflation is firmly under control.

The ECB is likely to decide to pause its rate-hiking cycle at this week’s meeting. However, the central bank is likely to keep the door open for further tightening in the future if inflation continues to rise.

Here are some of the key arguments for and against a rate hike:

Arguments for a rate hike:

  • Inflation is still running well above the ECB’s target of 2%.
  • The war in Ukraine and rising energy prices are putting renewed upward pressure on inflation.
  • A rate hike would help to slow the pace of inflation.
  • A rate hike would signal to markets that the ECB is committed to fighting inflation.

Arguments against a rate hike:

  • The euro area economy is showing signs of recession.
  • A rate hike could tip the economy into recession.
  • A rate hike could lead to higher unemployment.
  • A rate hike could damage the euro’s exchange rate.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to hike rates is a difficult one for the ECB. The central bank will need to weigh the risks of inflation and recession carefully before making a decision.


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